CITI Requirements

VCU fulfills the federal mandate to ensure all researchers involved in human subjects research are trained by requiring initial and continuing education through the Collaborative IRB Training Initiative (CITI).

Initial CITI Training Requirement

Complete CITI Basic Human Subjects Protection online training in either:

  • Social and Behavioral Research
  • Biomedical Research

Select the most appropriate module based on the majority of research conducted.

CITI Continuing Education Requirement

Every 2 years, individuals who have completed the CITI Basic Human Subjects Protection course must complete the CITI Refresher Human Subjects Protection course. After 3 refresher courses, individuals are required to take the Basic Course again.

CITI Access and Instructions

Login to www.citiprogram.org to complete required training.

Instructions for using CITI:

Frequently Asked Questions about Required Training.

For questions about VCU CITI requirements contact orsp@vcu.edu.


IMPORTANT NOTE: Effective October 1, 2017

Submissions of all types (initial, continuing review, etc.) will not receive IRB approval until research personnel CITI accounts are current.


Initial CITI Training Requirement

VCU requires all research personnel on a study to complete the Collaborative IRB Training Initiative (CITI) Basic Human Subjects Protection course before beginning human subjects research.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The CITI Refresher course in Human Subjects Protection does not qualify as a Basic course. Make sure you take the Basic course first. In addition, CITI’s Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) and Good Clinical Practice (GCP) courses does not meet the IRB’s requirement; please ensure you complete the Basic Human Subjects Protection course.

The CITI course and exam are web-based and can be accessed at www.citiprogram.org. All the modules listed for VCU must be completed. Most modules include a short quiz. An aggregate passing score of 80% is required. CME’s and CEU’s are available for CITI completion.

Occasionally, the CITI database has errors. Thus, it is important to print off a copy of the completion verification and retain in your files should future verification be required.


CITI Continuing Education Requirement

Every 2 years, individuals who have completed the CITI Basic Human Subjects Protection course must complete the CITI Refresher in Human Subjects Protection. After 3 refresher courses, individuals are required to take the Basic Course again.

To maintain current CITI training, all research personnel must complete the CITI Refresher training before the expiration date of the Basic course. The Basic course expires 2 years after the original completion date. CITI sends an email reminder to the email address you used to register.


Transferring CITI Credit from Non-VCU Institutions

All individuals must formally affiliate their CITI account with VCU. Directions to do that can be found here:

IMPORTANT NOTE: Courses from previous institutions will automatically link to your VCU account when you affiliate and “add a course” (10 years back), ONLY if you have not yet taken the Human Subjects Protection courses at VCU.

If you have already taken Human Subjects Protection courses at VCU, courses from previous institutions will NOT automatically link to your VCU account. You must call CITI and ask them to manually link the course to your VCU account.

Any courses you’ve taken in the past 10 years can be linked to your VCU CITI account. Once you affiliate with VCU and link your courses, you may be prompted to complete additional VCU modules to meet the VCU education requirements. Any courses taken over 10 years ago must be retaken.


Good Clinical Practice Requirement

Effective February 1, 2015, VCU began requiring Good Clinical Practice (GCP) training for all clinical trial study personnel listed on a VCU IRB-approved clinical trial. NIH defines clinical trial as “a research study in which one or more humans are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes.” This applies to all new AND existing studies. The VCU GCP training must be renewed every three years.

VCU’s GCP training program meets the National Institutes of Health (NIH) GCP training requirements for all NIH-funded investigators and staff involved in the conduct, oversight, or management of clinical trials (NOT-OD-16-148 published September 16, 2016).

This GCP requirement can be met by completing one of the following trainings. Please refer to the following PDF guidance on adding a course:

  • CITI's GCP Training (for Biomedical Clinical Trials)
  • CITI’s GCP Training (for Social Behavioral Clinical Trials)