CITI Requirements

VCU fulfills the federal mandate to ensure all researchers involved in human subjects research are trained by requiring initial and continuing education through the Collaborative IRB Training Initiative (CITI).

Initial CITI Training Requirement

Complete CITI Basic Human Subjects Protection online training in either:

  • Social and Behavioral Research
  • Biomedical Research

Select the most appropriate module based on the majority of research conducted.

CITI Continuing Education Requirement

Every 2 years, individuals who have completed the CITI Basic Human Subjects Protection course must complete the CITI Refresher Human Subjects Protection course.

CITI Access and Instructions

Login to to complete required training.

Instructions for using CITI:

Frequently Asked Questions about Required Training.

For questions about VCU CITI requirements contact Note that your questions will be addressed on a first come, first served basis.

Initial CITI Training Requirement

VCU requires all research personnel on a study to complete the Collaborative IRB Training Initiative (CITI) Basic Human Subjects Protection course before beginning human subjects research.

The CITI course and exam are web-based and can be accessed at All the modules listed for VCU must be completed. Most modules include a short quiz. An aggregate passing score of 80% is required. CME’s and CEU’s are available for CITI completion. Training must be complete and current before submissions of any type (initial, continuing review, etc.) will be forwarded to the IRB for review.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The CITI Refresher course in Human Subjects Protection does not qualify as a Basic course. Make sure you take the Basic course first. In addition, CITI’s Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) course does not meet the IRB’s requirement; please ensure you complete the Basic Human Subjects Protection course.

Occasionally, the CITI database has errors. Thus, it is important to print off a copy of the completion verification and retain in your files should future verification be required. Following completion of the Basic course, continuing education in human subjects protection is required every 2 years through the completion of the CITI Human Subjects Protection Refresher course.

CITI Continuing Education Requirement

Every 2 years, individuals who have completed the CITI Basic Human Subjects Protection course must complete the CITI Refresher in Human Subjects Protection. After 3 refresher courses, individuals will be prompted to take the Basic Course again.

To maintain current CITI training, all research personnel must complete the CITI Refresher training before the expiration date of the Basic course. The Basic course expires 2 years after the original completion date. CITI sends an email reminder to the email address you register with.

Submissions of all types (initial, continuing review, etc.) will not be forwarded for IRB review until research personnel CITI accounts are current.

Transferring CITI Credit from Non-VCU Institutions

IMPORTANT NOTE: All individuals must formally affiliate their non-VCU CITI account to VCU. Directions to do that can be found here:

Both Basic and Refresher Human Subject Research CITI courses that are over 2 years old will not transfer to VCU. In that case, individuals must retake that course. If the individual has taken the Basic or Refresher within 2 years, that course will then be affiliated with VCU. In some cases, the individual may be prompted to complete additional VCU specific modules.

As of January 1, 2017, all NIH funded researchers involved in the conduct, oversight, or management of clinical trials must be trained in Good Clinical Practice (GCP). NIH defines clinical trial as “a research study in which one or more humans are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes.” This applies to all new AND existing studies.

This GCP requirement can be met by completing one of the following trainings:

  • CITI's GCP training (for Biomedical Research) - Please see directions above for adding the GCP course
  • NIH's GCP Training (for Social Behavioral Research)

GCP for Social/Behavioral Clinical Trials via NIH

Successful completion of this course is recorded by the Blackboard Grade Center and uploaded into OnCore. Please note that a completion certificate is not provided for this course.

Course Title: GCP for Social/Behavioral Clinical Trials via NIH
Course Platform and Access Instructions: VCU Blackboard
  1. Login to VCU’s Blackboard Portal with your VCUeID.
  2. Click on the “Courses” tab on the top menu.
  3. Search for “NIH” using the Course Search Tab.
  4. To enroll in the course, select “TRAIN-101-101-2017Continuous”, then click “Enroll”.
Renewal Required: Every 3 years
Target Audience: This course has been designed for persons involved in the design, conduct or reporting of social/behavioral research, including physicians, psychologists, nurses, students, staff, and administrators
Required Module Topics:
  • Introduction
  • Research Protocol
  • Recruitment and Retention
  • Informed Consent Communication
  • Privacy and Confidentiality
  • Participant Safety and Adverse Events
  • Quality Control and Assurance
  • Research Misconduct
  • Conclusion